Abraham Kuyper

Abraham Kuijper (Maassluis, 29 October 1837– Den Haag, 8 November 1920) generally known as Abraham Kuyper, was a Dutch politician, journalist, statesman and theologian. He founded the Anti-Revolutionary Party and was prime minister of the Netherlands between 1901 and 1905.


Kuyper wrote several theological and political books:

  • “Disquisitio historico-theologica, exhibens Johannis Calvini et Johannis à Lasco de Ecclesia Sententiarum inter se compositionem (Theological-historical dissertation showing the differences in the rules of the church, between John Calvin and John Łaski; his dissertation, 1862)
  • “Conservatisme en Orthodoxie” (Conservatism and Orthodoxy; 1870)
  • “Het Calvinisme, oorsprong en waarborg onzer constitutionele vrijheden. Een nederlandse gedachte” (Calvinism; the source and the safeguard of our constitutional freedoms. A Dutch thought; 1874)
  • “Ons Program” (Our program; ARP political program, 1879)
  • Antirevolutionair óók in uw huisgezin” (Anti-revolutionary in your family too; 1880)
  • “Soevereiniteit in eigen kring” (Sovereignty in its own circle; 1880)
  • Handenarbeid” (1889; Manual Labour)
  • “Maranatha” (1891)
  • “Het sociale vraagstuk en de Christelijke Religie” (The Social Question and the Christian Religion; 1891)
  • “Encyclopaedie der Heilige Godgeleerdheid” (Encyclopedia of Sacred Theology; 1893–1895)
  • “Calvinisme” (Lectures on Calvinism; six Stone lectures Kuyper held at Princeton in 1898)
  • “The South African Crisis” (1900)
  • “De Gemene Gratie” (Common Grace; 1902–1905)
  • “Parlementaire Redevoeringen” (parliamentary speeches; 1908–1910)
  • “Starrentritsen” (1915)
  • “Antirevolutionaire Staatkunde” (Anti-revolutionary politics; 1916–1917)
  • “Vrouwen uit de Heilige schrift” (Women from the Holy scripture; 1897)

Extended Bibliography

Encyclopedia of Sacred Theology: Its Principles

The Encyclopedia of Sacred Theology: Its Principles, is a large volume translated from the original three volume work in Dutch. Kuyper extensively treats theological study in terms of its objectives, methods, and relation to other branches of science, as well as how these factors evolved historically in church history. This book is also where Kuyper gives his famous treatment of the “two sciences”, meaning regenerate and unregenerate. There are also helpful sections on the differences between the natural and theological sciences, specifically the effects of sin on the scientific endeavor. A good amount in this book is rather technical, in that Kuyper spends a lot of time on etymology, but there is still a lot of material here that should be of interest to the thoughtful Christian lay-audience. I found it helpful enough that I went to the trouble to edit it for publication. The technical sections are easy to skip. As you may know, Kuyper was very influential in the development of conservative, Reformed Christianity in the 20th century on such thinkers as, for instance, Cornelius Van Til, and The Encyclopedia of Sacred Theology is often referenced by such theologians as Bavinck, Van Til, and Gaffin. ~B.C. Richards



See: Abraham Kuyper at Wikipedia.

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